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    lathe accessories

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    lathe machining
  • Browse number:
    257
  • Release time:
    2023-12-12 18:05:43
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Lathe is one of the commonly used equipment in machining. It is mainly used to process the shape and inner hole of the workpiece, and is usually used to process metal, plastic and other materials. The normal operation of the lathe can not be separated from the support and cooperation of various accessories. The following will introduce some common lathe accessories.


Spindle: The spindle is the core component of the lathe. It is used to fix the workpiece and the tool and realize the rotary machining. The spindle is usually made of alloy steel and other materials, which has high strength and wear resistance.


Main bearing: The main bearing is responsible for supporting and guiding the rotation of the main shaft to ensure the accuracy and stability of turning. The main bearing generally adopts rolling bearing or sliding bearing, and the appropriate main bearing model and accuracy grade can improve the accuracy and life of turning.


Speed control system: The speed control system is used to control the speed of the spindle and select the appropriate speed according to different processing requirements. Common speed control methods include mechanical speed control, frequency conversion speed control and servo speed control.


Electrical control system: The electrical control system is an important part of the lathe, which includes electric control cabinet, operation panel, contactor, etc. The electrical control system realizes the control and coordination of the various parts of the lathe to ensure the normal operation of the lathe.


Feed system: The feed system is used to control the relative movement of the workpiece and the tool to realize the feed movement of turning. The feed system includes feed motor, feed shaft, nut and other components. By adjusting the feed speed and feed depth, workpieces of different shapes and sizes can be processed.


Tool holder: The tool holder is the part for installing the tool. It has the function of fixing the tool and can realize the adjustment and tool change of the tool. The design and machining accuracy of the tool holder have an important influence on the cutting stability and machining quality.


Cutting tools: cutting tools are important tools for turning, including turning tools, milling cutters, drills, etc. The selection of cutting tools should be based on the processing materials, processing forms and precision requirements for reasonable collocation.


Cooling and lubrication system: The cooling and lubrication system is used for heat dissipation and lubrication to reduce wear and thermal deformation during processing. The cooling lubrication system includes a cooling pump, a cooling oil tank, a spray cooling device, etc.


Bed: The bed is the supporting structure of the lathe, which provides the rigidity and stability of the machine tool. The bed is usually made of cast iron or steel plate welding, with high rigidity and stability.


Tailstock: The tailstock is a component used to support and fix the workpiece. It can withstand the gravity and cutting force of the workpiece, and provide the adjustment and fixing functions of the support point.


The above are the common accessories of the lathe, which together constitute the basic components of the lathe and ensure the normal operation and processing quality of the lathe. In the actual use process, we need to select appropriate accessories according to the specific situation, and carry out correct installation and debugging to improve the accuracy and efficiency of Lathe processing and meet different processing requirements.


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